Online Gambling is the act of betting or playing games of chance or skill for money, using a computer or mobile device with an internet connection. The practice is increasingly widespread and largely reflects the wider adoption of digital technologies. Traditional bricks and mortar casinos have evolved to offer more online gaming opportunities, whilst many popular video games now include gambling elements such as skin betting.
A number of factors appear to be associated with the risk of developing a gambling problem, including low social support, mental health problems, physical health problems and alcohol use . The prevalence of Internet gambling appears to be increasing rapidly worldwide  and the growth is partly driven by the ease of access through mobile devices such as phones and tablets. However, the potential for exploitation and harms are also significant and the need for robust responsible gambling provisions is crucial.
Research to date indicates that the relationship between Internet gambling and disordered gambling is relatively weak, although a small proportion of players do experience problems. Some governments have passed laws to restrict the availability of online gambling, such as the prohibition of Internet poker in New Jersey in 2013. However, more research is needed to explore the role of technology in preventing and responding to problem gambling. Additionally, it is important that treatment and prevention strategies be reviewed to address the needs of Internet gamblers. These may include brief interventions based on Internet gambling data and self-exclusion programmes similar to those required by tobacco companies to display a health warning on their products.